What is a city of the future, and how should it be? Science fiction writers, designers, and engineers ponder these questions. Moreover, they often seek answers to these questions in close cooperation with each other.
As a result – the outlined fundamental points that become an integral part of any modern project of the city of the future. This concern for the environment and ease of movement, space saving and the desire for vertical development.
We offer to get acquainted with 10 projects of cities of the future. Some of the presented conceptual projects are only under development, while others are already under construction in order to give comfort to their inhabitants in a few years and amaze the imagination of their guests.
City without cars
Build a city in which you can do without cars, it took the Chinese government, approving the draft settlement of Great City. “Great City” is built from scratch, not far from Chengdu. The city will be designed for 80 thousand inhabitants, and any movement on it will be possible to make on foot or by bicycle without any difficulties.
Its unique design will help to quickly get to anywhere in the city – the residential center will be located in the heart of Great City, and the roads, office and administrative buildings will surround it. Thus, to get on foot from the center to the outer ring from the parks, you will need to spend no more than 10 minutes.
According to the project, the future Chinese city will consume 58% less water and 48% less electricity. At the same time, the amount of waste in it will be lower by 89% than in cities of similar size.
Carbon free city
If the Chinese Great City is a city without cars, then Masdar in the UAE is a city without cars and without skyscrapers.
Today, Masdar is being built from scratch in the middle of the desert near Abu Dhabi. The main feature of the city will be its complete independence from traditional energy sources. Instead of oil, gas and coal, Masdar will receive energy from the sun, wind and geothermal sources. Thus, it will become the first city with zero carbon emissions.
In this city of the future, a special place will be given to high-speed public transport, giant “sunflowers” will cover the streets from the heat of the day, and their energy will be used only at night.
Green city in the desert
Dubai is another city from the UAE, which can become a “green” city of the future. The specialists of the company Baharash Architecture have created a project in which they used the main world achievements in eco-construction.
Their project includes 550 comfortable villas, educational institutions and organic farms, the energy for which will be generated by 200 square kilometers of solar panels.
Solar panels will be able to give the city half of its needs, and the use of environmentally friendly public transport will compensate for the remaining part of carbon emissions.
“Green” city with dense buildings
The Kjellgren Kaminsky Architecture bureau believes that super-dense building is one of the business cards of the city of the future.
The bureau specialists suggest turning the second-largest Swedish city of Gothenburg into the city of the future. According to their plans, super-dense building and the use of roofs to house gardens, solar panels and windmills on them will fully satisfy all residents’ needs for food and energy.
In addition, such a building will significantly weaken traffic and help make the city river the main transport artery.
In John Wardle Architects have suggested, what Australian Melbourne can become in 100 years. Their Multiplicity project demonstrates a huge metropolis, growing not in breadth, but up and down.
To move around the future of Melbourne, underground and airways will be used, and a transparent roof will be created over the whole city, which will be used for growing food, collecting water and solar energy.
San Juan, Puerto rican, is another city where it was decided to completely abandon cars. But unlike Great City and Masdar, San Juan is not created from scratch, but rebuilt.
The city authorities, concerned about the rapid decline in the number of residents, are investing in the restructuring of $ 1.5 billion. The main task is to abandon cars and create beautiful pedestrian areas. The authorities of San Juan expect that an environmentally friendly city with excellent opportunities for a relaxing holiday will attract both tourists and future residents.
City with comfort center
The ReThink Athens competition was designed to find a project that will completely rethink the center of the ancient city, make it more calm and clean.
The winner of the competition was recognized as a project that offers to abandon motor transport, and fill the center of Athens with green areas to create more comfortable conditions for hiking. A small redevelopment will allow on foot to easily get from the center to the neighboring areas.
Shang-Sui is another Chinese city of the future in our review. The creation of his project is engaged in the studio MAD Architects, and the idea itself is based on honoring the water elements and mountains in China.
Shan-Sui is a city with a large number of multi-functional skyscrapers. In each of them dozens of public places with pieces of wildlife will be available for residents and guests for a relaxing stay and contemplation.
The authors of the project believe that the future is behind a high population density, as this will make it easy to get to any place on foot, by bicycle or by public transport.
One of the most original projects of the eVolo 2011 Skyscraper Competition was the NeoTax project. Its essence is in the construction of houses not only upwards, but also to the sides above the trees. Simply put, houses in the city of the future will occupy only a small area on the ground, but in the air at the 10-20 floor level they will grow in all directions.
Thus, it will be possible to save green spaces, and the buildings themselves, by building additional modules, will offer people a much larger area for living and working.
City of pebbles
Drawing its ideas from natural forms, the Belgian architect Vincent Kallebo proposed a project of the city of the future for the Chinese city of Shenzheng.
Each building, according to the idea of Kallebo, will look like a pyramid of sea stones placed on top of each other. The architect emphasizes that such a design will fill the city with positive energy and allow equipping gardens and gardens directly in the residential towers.
In addition, the “pyramids of pebbles” will have wind turbines and solar panels, and the high density of apartments and houses will reduce the role of road transport.