Allergy is a fairly common problem and therefore the question of how to remove the swelling under the eyes caused by this ailment is always relevant. The appearance of swelling of the eyes and the appearance of “bags” under the eyes as a result of contact with an allergen indicates an allergic reaction: an increase in histamine in the blood, an increase in the amount of fluid in the intercellular spaces and the formation of puffiness, which is particularly pronounced on the face, especially in the eyes as there is very delicate and delicate skin.
Eyes and eyelids swell quite quickly when interacting with an allergen, which can get directly to the mucous membrane or enter the eye area along with the blood flow. The most common types of allergens, causing a fast and violent allergic reaction, swelling under the eyes and the eyes themselves are:
- hygiene products and cosmetics (gels, creams, makeup products, soap);
- flowers, pollen, poplar fluff, strong irritating odors of plants;
- insect bites;
- Nutrition products – berries (strawberries), nuts (especially peanuts), seafood, milk, honey, spices;
- pet hair;
- household chemicals: laundry powders, cleaning and detergents, paints and varnishes.
Recognize the swelling under the eyes, formed as a result of allergies, basically is not difficult.
Symptomatic manifestations and the degree of their severity depend on the amount of allergen substance that entered the body and the level of reactivity of the immune system.
The main signs of allergic eye swelling are:
- conjunctival swelling, eyelid;
- lacrimation of varying severity;
- redness of the eyes, eyelids;
- feeling of itching, burning in the eyes, feeling of having sand in the eyes;
- feeling of heaviness in the eyelids, tired eyes.
In addition to these symptoms, it is also possible that shortness of breath, difficulty in breathing, swelling of the entire face and neck, redness and hyperemia of the skin can occur. Perhaps the appearance of a rash, the presence of fever, a violation of the general condition.
Such symptoms can occur with prolonged exposure to the allergen and the development of Quincke edema – a violent allergic reaction of the body, accompanied by swelling of the larynx, face and respiratory failure.
Diagnosis and drug treatment
How to remove the swelling of the eyes is best to ask the specialists in a medical institution. With the problem of swelling under the eyes, eyelids or the entire face, you can contact an allergist or therapist.
However in some cases may need advice ophthalmologist, an otolaryngologist or even a surgeon (for critical conditions and the presence of severe swelling of the larynx). Important undergo laboratory tests, including clinical and biochemical analysis of blood, urine, immunological data, as well as a blood test to determine the allergens that caused the allergic reaction.
Treatment of allergic edema begins with the cessation of exposure to the substance-allergen.
The swelling under the eyes is removed by the main groups of drugs used in this pathology. Medicines that reduce the severity of edema associated symptoms include:
- Antihistamines. Preparations of this pharmaceutical group are used both in the form of eye drops (“Ketotifen”, “Opatanol”, “Cromohexal”, “Alomid”, “Lekrolin”), and in the form of tablets for oral administration (“Tavegil”, “Cetrin”, “Claritin”, “Loratadin”, “Suprastin”, “Levocetirizin”, “Chloropyramine”). Drugs can reduce the level of histamine in the blood – the main mediator of an allergic reaction, resulting in reduced allergic symptoms: swelling, lacrimation, sneezing, hoarseness, coughing and laryngeal edema. Some drugs are available in the form of solutions for injection, to accelerate the effect.
- Hormonal drugs, which can be in the form of ointments for external application and in the form of injections: “Hydrocortisone ointment”, “Celestoderm”, “Dexamethasone”, “Advantam”, “Prednisalon”. These drugs help to quickly remove the swelling from the eyes and reduce the inflammatory processes that have appeared. With the use of hormonal drugs, you must be very careful and strictly follow the prescriptions of the doctor, to observe the indicated dosage.
- Vasoconstrictor used in the form of eye drops and reduce puffiness, tearing and redness of the eyes.
Recipes of traditional medicine
If the general condition is stable, there is no threat of complications such as angiopathy, breathing problems or other conditions that threaten life, then swelling can be removed under the eyes with traditional medicine recipes.
It is necessary to use such treatment with caution, it is best in combination with the medical treatment prescribed by a specialist doctor.
One of the most common and safe methods of how to remove swelling under the eye is cold compress. Exposure to cold helps to improve the local microcirculation of blood, which leads to a decrease in swelling, and also allows you to significantly reduce the discomfort in the eye area associated with allergies.
To create such a compress, it is necessary to wrap a cold source into the fabric — a bottle of cold water or ice, frozen food, and then apply it to the area affected by swelling for 10–15 minutes.
Quite effectively reduces the swelling of the eyes and eyelids using lotions with tea decoction. To prepare such a mini-compress you need to brew in a small amount of water. black or green tea. The stronger the resulting brew will be, the better.
In the cold tea leaves, you need to moisten cotton pads, and, without pressing, put them on closed eyes for 20 minutes. Wiping the area around the eyes with ice cubes prepared from frozen decoctions of herbs (chamomile, calendula, St. John’s wort, and other fees) has a similar positive effect.
Often, in order to reduce swelling and improve the quality of the skin around the eyes, mashed cucumber masks, at the same time it is better to cool the resulting slurry before use.
We should not forget that the appearance of any edema is a delay of an excess amount of fluid in the tissues. Therefore, in order to reduce allergic swelling, you can resort to drinking tea or decoction that has a diuretic effect, but you need to make sure that the kidneys and urinary system do not have pathological abnormalities. If there are no contraindications, you can cook broths and infusions of the following herbs: mint, lemon balm, linden, chamomile, knotweed, corn silk.
It is recommended to consume such drinks 3-5 times a day.